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Inline Method

The inline method is a refactoring technique used to simplify code when a method’s body is as clear as its name. This method can be replaced with its content, reducing the need for an extra layer of abstraction, and thus making the code more understandable and straightforward.

When to Apply the Inline Method Refactoring

Inline Method refactoring should be applied under the following circumstances:

  1. When a method’s body is just as clear as its name: If the logic of the method body is straightforward and easy to understand without the need for the method abstraction, this refactoring can be beneficial.
  2. When a method is over-decomposed: In cases where code is overly broken down into many small methods, inlining some methods can make the code more cohesive and easier to understand.
  3. When method abstraction doesn’t add value: If the abstraction provided by the method doesn’t offer any significant benefits in terms of code understanding or reuse, inlining it can help simplify the code.

However, it’s important to note that this should not be done indiscriminately. The method should not be used in multiple places, as inlining it could then lead to code duplication. Also, if the method provides a valuable layer of abstraction or the body of the method is complex, it might be better to keep the method as is.

Inline Method Refactoring in Java, Python, and JavaScript

Let’s take a look at examples of Inline Method refactoring in Java, Python, and JavaScript.


Before Refactoring:

public class Example {
    int discount(int price) {
        return isHighPrice(price) ? price - 50 : price;

    boolean isHighPrice(int price) {
        return price > 1000;

After Inline Method Refactoring:

public class Example {
    int discount(int price) {
        return price > 1000 ? price - 50 : price;

Advantages and Disadvantages of the Inline Method Refactoring


  1. Enhanced Readability: Inline method refactoring can improve code readability by eliminating unnecessary methods, making it easier for other developers to understand the code without needing to navigate through multiple parts of the codebase.
  2. Reduced Complexity: By inlining methods, the complexity of the codebase can be decreased, leading to simpler, more straightforward code.
  3. Potential Performance Improvement: Although usually minor, removing method calls can slightly boost performance by reducing the overhead associated with method invocation.


  1. Loss of Abstraction: There are instances when the method being considered for inlining offers a useful abstraction layer that aids in the understanding or modification of the code. Inlining the method in such situations may make the code more difficult to manage.
  2. Code Duplication: If the method being inlined is used in multiple places, inlining it could lead to code duplication, generally making code more difficult to maintain.
  3. Increased Code Size: Inlining a method could potentially inflate the size of your code, particularly if the method was used in multiple locations.

In conclusion, Inline Method refactoring is a potent technique that can simplify and enhance the readability of your code. However, it’s essential to apply this method judiciously, considering both its potential drawbacks and benefits. Like all refactoring techniques, its primary purpose is to bolster the quality of your codebase.